The site of the Taipei Twin Towers project is currently occupied by the city’s Main Station, which serves both the city’s railway, airport lines, and metro networks, and a number of underused parks and plazas. The new buildings will be built over the top of the existing station, combining retail, offices, two cinemas, and two hotels; meanwhile the plazas will be unified and redeveloped.
The neighbourhood surrounding the building includes a mixture of small, human-scale buildings and larger towers. MVRDV’s proposal combines these two contextual scales. When experienced from up- close, the main visual impact of the buildings will be provided by the bases of the towers, comprising connected stacks of small blocks housing retail, with each proposed to house different retail outlets and thus contain different identities. Above, larger blocks complete two towers of 337 and 280 meters, providing the dominant impression of the buildings when seen from afar. These larger blocks house the offices, cinemas, and two hotels: one targeted at young, trendy travellers crowning the East tower and the other focusing on the luxury market crowning the West tower.
At ground level, the design proposes a sunken plaza, with a variety of interventions inspired by the history of the site: structures marking the former locations of the original station and plaza and some old houses will turn this plaza in the centre of Taipei into a kind of archaeological study, a vision bringing to light the city’s past. These structures will include pergolas to provide shade, tribunes to allow for public events, and a variety of other public services. “Arriving at Taipei Central Station is currently an anti-climax. The immediate area does not reveal the metropolitan charms and exciting quality that the Taiwanese metropolis has to offer,” says MVRDV principal and co-founder Winy Maas. “The Taipei Twin Towers will turn this area into the downtown that Taipei deserves, with its vibrant mixture of activities matched only by the vibrant collection of façade treatments on the stacked neighbourhood above.”
The retail blocks are stacked in such a way that at their centres public atriums are created, which allow for a natural ventilation system. Outside, escalators and walkways connect the terraces on top of the retail blocks together, and provide alternative access to the stores, making a vertical shopping experience that rewards exploration. An elevated walkway that connects the station with the surrounding destinations will also become the spine of the area. Currently two design variations of this element are possible: one that runs straight through the site, and another that runs close to the facades of the new buildings, connecting with the larger network of escalators and walkways. “We break down the required program into pleasant small blocks that echo the surrounding urban quarters, thus fitting the density into its surroundings,” says Maas. “People can climb over the blocks to the top—a true vertical village. And the space in between allow for social gatherings and natural ventilation.”
This vertical village approach continues MVRDV’s investigation into the future of high-rise buildings. Whereas traditional skyscraper typologies create a separation between the ground-level public realm and the elevated and isolated world of the building’s interior, the Taipei Twin Towers will allow these two conditions to intertwine. By extending exterior pedestrian routes over the bottom 20 floors of the building, the public realm of the city is expanded into three dimensions, while the interior life of the tower is allowed to spread out into its surroundings. Thanks to the small size of the retail blocks, it makes it possible for each to contain just a small number of tenants – and in many cases just a single store. This opens up the possibility that each block could communicate its unique character through an individual façade. A number of these facades are also proposed to feature interactive media displays, making the buildings dynamic hosts for showing major cultural spectacles, sporting events, and of course advertising.
To realise the Taipei Twin Towers, MVRDV is working with co-architect CHY Architecture Urban Landscape, landscape designer Topotek 1, and consultants Envision Engineering, ARUP, RWDI, and Mercury Fire Engineering Consulting.
Facts Project Name: Taipei Twin Towers Location: Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan Year: 2018 Client: Nan Hai Development Size and Programme: 434,000m2 mixed-use (201,000m2 offices; 182,000m2 retail; 51,000m2 hotel)
Credits Architect: MVRDV Principal-in-Charge: Winy Mass Partner: Wenchian Shi Design Team: Hui Hsin Liao, Cosimo Scotucci, Yayun Liu, Chi Yi Liao, Seul Lee, Ara Gonzalez, Aleksandra Farmazon, Evgenia Zioga, Peter Chang, Matiss Groskaufmanis, Amanda Galiana Ortega, Cas Esbach, Sumio Kumagai, Antonia Durig Visualization: Antonio Luca Coco, Davide Calabro, Francesco Vitale, Luca Piattelli, Kirill Emelianov, Magda Bykowska, Masoud Khodadadi