Timber construction is regaining traction within the building industry. From Zaha Hadid Architects’ Sleuk Rith Institute to Studio Gang’s Writers Theatre, innovative new forms of wood architecture are being developed around the world. But timber framing is nothing new. This standard building method was commonplace for wooden buildings from the 19th century and earlier, and was used for millennia in many parts of the world. Today, modern timber projects are building upon tradition to explore exciting new assembly methods and structural applications.
Designed for heavier loads, longer spans and formal flexibility, glued laminated timber — or glulam — possesses a structural strength that is comparable to steel. Exploring the potential of this versatile material, we’ve rounded up the following collection of modern glulam projects from the Architizer database. Designed as bridges, sports halls and museums, the projects champion timber construction through free-form shapes, repetition and layering. If you are considering glulam for your next project, look to these precedents for ample inspiration:
BIG’s gymnasium design was created as a large multifunctional space for gathering, ceremonies and sports activities. Merging an existing courtyard with the new building, the gymnasium was placed 16 feet below ground with a soft curved-formed roof. The iconic structure was made with a series of unique curved glulam beams shaped around the formula of a ballistic arch.
Glulam beams and columns by Structurlam
The WIDC was designed as an innovation hub drawing together professionals, academics and researchers. Standing 97 feet tall, it was made to showcase the potential of engineered mass timber products as the world’s tallest modern all-timber office building. A series of glulam beams and columns, manufacturered by Structurlam, were used alongside the timber walls and systems-integrated CLT floor panels.
Structural timber arches by StructureCraft
This bridge over the Tulameen River spans along the Trans-Canada trail. The design utilizes twinned glulam arches and an undulating steel roof deck sat onto existing piers. The bridge was designed and constructed by Fast + Epp and affiliated design-build company StructureCraft Builders Inc.
Designed as a sports center in Sargans, this building was made with exposed timber and a slender cross-section. A two-story glued laminated timber frame combines with 40 spruce columns to define different areas of the structure.
One of the most acclaimed designs for the 2015 Milan Expo, the China Pavilion was designed as a field of spaces below a floating cloud. The project’s unique roof was made as a freeform structure using contemporary glued laminated timber construction. Texture and depth was added to the pavilion’s roof through shingled bamboo panels and a translucent waterproofing membrane.
Glued laminated timber by StructureCraft
The Bow River bridge is located in Banff, Canada’s first national park. The 370-foot-long timber bridge was made for pedestrian traffic, and is one of the longest timber clear spans in the world. The project used a replaceable modular deck that rests atop twinned glulam beams.
Glued laminated timber by Unit Structures LLC
Moshe Safdie’s Crystal Bridges Museum was carefully inserted into a heavily wooded ravine. Surrounded by hills and a network of trails, the design centers around eight pavilions set within the landscape. The project uses vaulted, convex roofs and a series of non-repeating glulam arches, each of which has a unique inner and outer radius.
Kengo Kuma’s Yusuhara Museum links two public facilities through a single bridge structure. Designed as a passage, accommodation space and workshop, the museum uses a structural system composed of small parts. The large cantilever was achieved through an overlapping glulam and wood member construction.