Challenges The main challenge in designing the building architecture and site landscaping is to create a consistent ensemble, one that is perceptible at any scale, an ensemble that goes beyond the specifics of each building and that accounts for any future developments on site. The functional, environmental and semiotic challenges thus come together in a project that is both a consistent whole and one-of-a-kind, a project that takes possession of its territory by improving it, a project that is known for its welcoming qualities and outstanding ease of utilization, a project that recreates an urban atmosphere in substitution for that of the Ouagadougou city center the traveler has just left. Symbolic dimension The airport is the first and final place of contact between the traveler and the region visited; it is a grand entrance and exit from the country. In light of this, the airport buildings must be prestigious and must reflect the culture and identity of the city or country that they represent, just like a monument, public square or official building. At the same time an airport is the symbol of technology and modernity and participates in showcasing the economic development of the country or city. Urban dimension Like a city, an airport is composed of a multitude of elements of various types. Some buildings are exceptional, (the air terminal, museum, hotel and control tower). They require a specific and expertly finished design because they reflect the airport’s image. The other airport constructions are technical and administrative buildings, which are more anonymous and discreet. Their simple, homogeneous, and identical design gives consistency to the entire project and contributes to enhancing the effect of the airport’s exceptional buildings.