The Norton Museum of Art in West Palm Beach was built in 1941 to house the art collection of the industrialist Ralph Hubbard Norton and his wife, Elizabeth. The museum was laid out by the architect Marion Sims Wyeth as an elegant series of Art Deco inspired single storey pavilions around a central courtyard. Subsequent expansion broke the symmetry of the original arrangement, and the axial configuration was destroyed by the relocation of the main entrance from South Olive Avenue to the south side of the building. The new masterplan restores the logic of Wyeth’s plan, reasserting the clarity of the main axis, balancing the different building heights and providing flexible, welcoming visitor facilities to attract a wider local and international audience. The masterplan also provides the infrastructure for two additional exhibition wings towards the eastern end of the building to be built in the future.
A new street frontage facing South Dixie Highway to the west redefines the museum’s relationship with its surroundings and reasserts the main entrance on the central axis. The new entrance is signalled by three new double-height pavilions, which mediate between the low-rise galleries and the existing three-storey Nessel Wing, thus unifying the whole composition with a shared palette of man-made white stone. The pavilions house a state-of-the-art auditorium, the Grand Hall, which will be the new social heart for the local community, an event space, education centre, and a museum shop and restaurant that can operate independently of the museum at night. All of these are unified beneath a shimmering canopy, which projects over the entrance plaza creating a new public space. In addition, the new scheme will add 12,000-square-feet of gallery space and is designed to complement the existing building, making it more legible, open and in harmony with its natural setting.
The perimeter of the museum’s expanded grounds is defined by the lush landscape and a row of houses along the southern border of the site as artists’ residences and studios, guest house and research facilities. Taking advantage of the Florida climate, the landscaping of the gardens and central courtyard incorporates native trees and flowers to provide shaded walkways, and a new green lawn. The lawn provides an open-air venue for ‘Art After Dark’, the Norton’s popular evening programme, as well as live performances and events.