This project is located in a residential neighborhood in Lima, where an average piece of land is around 5,000 square feet, with homes occupying most of that land. The Surrounded House is the product of a series of requirements from the client, as well as an experiment with space.
The perception of spaciousness, brightness, transparency, and space possession were some of the concepts suggested by the client. The goal was to build a house that would maximize its position on a corner lot, and create an environment where the social areas would have a certain independence from the private areas.
The architects intended to generate a flexible space and use the landscape as part of the design by creating a 360-degree interior “landscape” on the first level of the social area (living room, dining room, and study), while the exterior landscape was incorporated into the second level by means of a terrace leading to a rooftop pool and barbecue area.
This way, the project is born with two different and separated volumes joined by a bridge, which at the same time generates a ceiling for a connecting space. The first volume is transparent, surrounded by a garden and a water mirror that goes over almost the entire length of the land. In contrast, the second volume of two floors is much more hermetic. This second volume has an “L” shape to protect the transparent volume from the sun, eliminate unsightly visuals from other neighboring buildings, and to strengthen the project/corner relationship. The proposal took into consideration the relationship between the building and the neighborhood. For that reason, the architects decided to move the project back, leaving a free corner that makes the entrance more powerful. In the same way, they decided to extend the water mirror to the street and raise the perimeter wall, as a floating wall, so that pedestrians can have contact with the water.