The old Residential San Mateo was one of the most emblematic buildings of the city of Lorca for its special conception with an open central space to Juan Carlos I Avenue. In July 2011, the construction was completely demolished due to the earthquake of 11 May. In October 2011, the Residential Owners' Association issued a call of design proposals to select the most suitable project for the reconstruction of their houses. In the terms of the competition, the projects design was made conditional on compliance with the ownership structure of the original construction, so that each owner could recover the position that had previously occupied within the building as a whole.
The proposal presented by MCEA | ARCHITECTURE and NAOS ARCHITECTS placed the architectural project as the instrument to achieve the necessary consensus among all building owners to become the reconstruction feasible. For this purpose, it was considered as essential to incorporate in the project process the experiences and different ways of living that the residents of the community developed over time, in order to ensure as smooth as possible the reconstruction and occupation process of the new housing. The owners were also given the possibility of incorporating their current and future requirements into the project by designing flexible schemes that allowed, in a large number of cases, a single housing or two smaller ones. he final result of this participatory process was reflected in the final project, which collected 45 different types of housing, obtaining the acceptance and identification of the owners with the project jointly developed. This process that incorporated the individual will of each owner in the management of the whole, also sought to be reflected in the façade by an orderly system of shutters in which that personal wishes modifies the overall composition, thus obtaining an image of the building in permanent change and adapted in each moment to the individual needs. Collaborating firms: Arquitectos: MCEA Arquitectura and NAOS Arquitectura Installations: Juan Manuel Vázquez Sánchez, ATP Engineers, DM Ingeniería Estructure: José Antonio Hernández Cañadas, QL Ingeniería, ALIVA Ingenieros Construction management: Acrópolis Arquitectura Acoustic Sonen Construction: TECOPSA / DRAGADOS