The existing building object of the interventions was designed as a School and built by the local municipality in 1961. The original project, in modernist style was designed by engineer Ernesto Marsaglia which includes two staggered volumes developed on three floors with the main front of the classrooms open to the garden and courtyard to the east. The new intervention was completed in the first months of 2019. In the first phase, the project involved the extension of the canteen and the renovation of the first floor of the Primary School, with the aim of being able to accommodate 65 new pupils from a Kindergarten forced to move due to problems related to the safety of the building that housed them. In the second phase, the intervention involved the energy requalification of the existing building. The project design, which started in 2016, immediately saw the participation of the school community, involving teachers, pupils, and school collaborators to share aims, needs and implementation methods. In the pedagogical space on the first floor, an attempt was made to recover with the teachers the innovative teaching approach proposed by them and by now consolidated, overturning the traditional system organized in corridor/front classrooms and creating new ways and interactions between the connective and pedagogical space. As a first step, the autonomy needs of the Kindergarten were met by designing a new external connection via a suspended walkway over the courtyard that enters directly on the first floor, unhinging the existing longitudinal distribution system with a new bright internal space to welcome and reassure little pupils. The new canteen, designed with a prefabricated wooden frame structure to speed up construction times, was designed for a flexible use of the educational community in connection with families, to be opened as a new civic space for the neighbourhood even outside school time. The design concept envisages that each architectural component can become an opportunity for observation, reflection, and play. The insertion of the new volumes, in order not to subtract precious open space from the courtyard, provided that they were entirely accessible and usable: the staggered flat roof on two levels provides an additional protected outdoor play space for the little ones, as well as the independent connection to the new spaces of the Kindergarten on the first floor. The second phase, carried out with the contribution of the European Union, was aimed at the energy requalification of the original building envelope. The works involved the construction of an external insulation system on the vertical parts with rock wool insulation and the insertion of new wooden windows with high energy and acoustic performance. The project was intended to respect the articulated design of the façade, which featured projections and ceramic coverings alternating with stone and plaster typical of modernist architecture. The no longer recoverable blue tiles that covered the panels between the windows have been replaced by new silver ceramic tiles that reproduce the diamond pattern of the original ones and reflect the changes of light and season of the sky. The split stone cladding has been covered with a ventilated facade in brick tiles. At the end of the works, the building passed from an energy class E before the intervention to an energy class A2.