CC2011 What was the competition for:http://www.greekarchitects.gr/en/high-rise/piraeus-tower-%E2%80%93-a-sleeping-giant-id2696 A Tall Building at the port of Piraeus – the Piraeus Municipality belongs in the urban area of the city of Athens which has a population of 4,000,000 – is abandoned for more than 30 years. It is 22-storey building, 84 m. tall and it is known as “Piraeus Tower”. It is often called as “the sleeping giant” due to its abandonment. The only tower of the area is “sleeping” in one of the bigger ports of Mediterranean that presents a dynamic growth the last decades. There is a challenge, therefore, in order for the Tower to become a landmark at the port of Piraeus and to be highlighted, with its modernisation, as one of the most important architectural buildings not only for the city of Piraeus but for the whole city of Athens. Each proposal shall show a consistent and clear position about how the tower is conversed with the Piraeus urban landscape and how this new “view” takes part in and partially forms the relation between the Port, as an important way of entrance and exit of the capital, and the urban area of Athens. Objectives The objectives of the competition To include the building in the urban landscape through the design proposal and to highlight it as the landmark for the wider area. Το gather various architectural ideas that will allow the distinction of the best possible proposals for the façades reformation and the Tower general image.
B Mention - N.Smyrlis - D.Giannisis - K. Papanikolaou - F. Soulos http://www.greekarchitects.gr/competition2010/piraeus/gr/b_Mention.4 Elaionas - Olive grove The olive trees that once covered a big part of Attica now tend to disappear and become symbols of the past. The olive tree connects with our history, carries a rich symbolism of (euphoria, wisdom, peace, fertility etc) and is a source of inspiration from antiquity. We propose to cover the facades of the building with olives trees planted in hanging pots. The busy and overloaded center of Piraeus acquires a vertical park which takes the form of our familiar olive grove. Olive trees are redisplayed in the city as powerful elements that not only constitute the view of an artificial landscape, but also replace big surfaces of greenery that with difficultly can be recovered in the already overloaded existing structure. The proposal attempts to emphasize the importance of greenery in the modern city projecting it to all directions. The building stands in a highly dense environment as an artificial planted hill, like it happens with other hills of the Athens basin. The greenery is not just an element that decorates the view but a planting cultivation and production that highlights the features of the site it belongs. Each building is required to highlight the features of the site belongs. The tower with the planted side is an idea to emulate the Mediterranean-Greek landscape. It works as a natural filter to control the shading and the cooling of the building while at the same time it becomes a breathing space. We did not want the greenery to be the only element that decorates the side of the building, but a planting for cultivation and production. The organized planting view of thousand olive trees corresponds to 50 acres of olive groves (that corresponds to a production of 25,000 liters of olive oil per year). The Building The basic trunk of the building is 'dressed' with a prismatic metal structure particularly made to carry pots with the olive trees. The gridlines of the structure thickens or thins out by width depending on the orientation of the facades, so that the shading and the lighting of the internal spaces to be controlled. The same structure organizes the flow of water of (rain and watering) and a system of harvesting fruits. The water flows from flower pot to flower pot, watering the trees from top to bottom, to eventually collect it on the terrace-garden on the third floor. During the period of harvest, specially shaped nets are suspended in the metallic manufacture for the collection of fruits. The nets change the appearance of a ‘camouflaged’ landscape that reminds the city the different periods of rural life (a collection of fruits during the winter season from November until January). The glass shell that separates the interior from the exterior part is part of a metal structure, located at a short distance from the body of the building and brings the flower pots with trees. From the interior of the office spaces the trees are seen as shades while the glass segments of the manufacture provide multiple views of the environment and include exit doors for the caring of plants. The volume of the rectangular base (with the shops in its interior) is planted in the quarters like the beginning of the olive grove that vertically extends itself on the side. It is treated as a second landscape, that which transmits to the interior and the building floors. The stone’s lining refers to traditional landscapes while the removal of all closed spaces at the street level allows the unrestricted movement of pedestrians in all directions. From the stone lining are rhythmically removed stones that are turned into a shell form into a perforated skin that diffuses sections of light in the inside part of the stores which at nighttime it discreetly emits light to the city. We believe that the ground floor is a roofed square, a continuation of the basic movements of the broader sections of the city where it belongs, a growth of the market and a passage where the wandering and ephemeral peddlers (a characteristic of the region) become a part of the purchasing/buying motion. At the roof the construction is finalized with a series of the same structure which is covered with crystals (for lights) and surfaces of photovoltaic panels. This series aims to create an intense horizontal line of light that will be perceived at nighttime from a distance indicating the position and the size of the building (like a lighthouse). What is also suggested is an additional and more discrete/ subtle lighting from vertical lights on the edge of the prisms that bear the flower pots with olive trees.