This commission involved the construction of a shelter for a family that would encompass two large areas. In the first, the space around the fire and the kitchen was designated as a module without divisions, including the fireplace, wood stove and play room. The second area was to act as a module for the bedrooms and bathrooms. While designing the project the architects adhered to the following set of rules:
Site The project is located in an ancient forest of the Andes called “El Buchen,” an area that is difficult to access. The shelter was situated in a forest clearing in order to avoid interference with existing trees, an element that defines the length, width and height of the volume.
Habitability With the building of a shed arises the challenge of how to inhabit it as a single undivided space. The proposal was to differentiate the construction of spaces by lower volumes containing the various program requirements, which in turn are able to separate the temperatures necessary to inhabit them, obtaining different areas that are climatically controlled. This led to the creation of three types of spaces - vestibule space, common areas, and private spaces.The vestibule space mediates between interior and exterior and can be used as a terrace in the summer, opening its doors and allowing for cross ventilation. It can also be used as a hall in winter, behaving as the first barrier of climate control. The common areas include the living room, dining room, and kitchen, which takes advantage of the full height of the building, establishing itself as a mid-temperate space. Private space is made up of the bedrooms and bathrooms. These areas feature low ceilings and openings controlled by their orientation in order to achieve thermal comfort.
Form / Sheds The study of forms arose from the observation of wood sheds in the area, as a result yielding the following rules: Work with closed volumes without eaves and with controlled openings, constructing the roof first to protect from the weather, followed by the interiors. One form should exist within another. As a result of building the roof first, the idea arose to organize the program through smaller volumes within the overall volume. It was decided to build two smaller sheds inside the larger one, grouping the bedrooms on one side and the bathrooms on the other. These differ in color and material from the rest of the construction.