Architect: Frederico Martins Montanha Project Team: Angela Kurmann, Sabrina Kurmann Project Name: FMM02 Belvedere House Project year: 2008 Construction year: 2009 Engineering: CAROL Engineering Location: Cuiaba-MT, Brazil Type: Single Family House Area: 235m2
FMM02 is located in Cuiaba, in the heart of South America, exactly in the middle point of the whole continent. The weather is extremely hot along the whole year in this Brazilian city, with temperatures reaching over 45 Celsius degrees on the Summer. The concept intend to mix the universal design of the great masters with the local traditions and elements. The combination of wooden pergola and exposed concrete walls is perhaps the most representative gesture of this dualism between local and global architecture.
Due the use of low-cost solutions, a better arrangement of the rooms relative to solar orientation, the use of the architecture itself to capture the wind and natural light (but avoiding heat), the doubles walls stuffed with cheap insulator on north and west façades and thermal tiles on rooftop, all this elements together made a very intelligent design at end. It is still necessary to use air-condition on the warmest days, but much less than in a normal house. Energy saving is huge compared to similar buildings at same area. Low consumption of natural resources and energy efficiency make the project truly deserves a green label.
The project was developed to become a green architecture sample, but without creating lot of Gray energy during the construction. Would be really interesting to compare the amount of natural resources to achieve similar levels of energy consumptions between this South American house and a European one. The sustainability approach in developing countries has lot of good lessons that architects from wealthy nations should discuss more often and in a very deep way.