General Information Project Name: Kulaura House Architecture Firm: FORMOSIS Website: www.formosis.net Contact e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Firm Location: Sylhet, Bangladesh - Completion Year: 2020 Floor Area: 4338 sqft Project Cost: 82,00,000 BDT Project location: Kulaura, Moulvibazar, Bangladesh - Lead Architect: Murshed Ahmed Rinku Lead Architects e-mail: email@example.com Associate Architects: Khayer Ahmed Shaon, Md. Istiak Tanvir
Media Provider Photo credits: Al Amin Abu Ahmed Ashraf (Dolon) Photographer’s website: www.dolonography.com Photographer’s e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Additional Credits Clients: Luthfur Rahman, Khalilur Rahman Structural Engineer: Md. Mustafizur Rahman MEP Consultant: Isfaq Ahmed Documentation Team: Imtiaz Ahmad Prince Electrical Engineer: Sumit Ray Civil Contractor: Sourav Ahmed, Other Contractors: Shakil Mustafa, Md. Belal, Abul Kalam, Abdul Kayyum, Khaled Ahmed
The client of this project is a Bangladeshi immigrant joint family living in USA. The site is a large land jointly owned by five brothers consisting of five plots attached in linear series along the private pathway. The architects were commissioned to design a house in one plot of them placed in middle. As the family members spend most of the year abroad, there is low probability of constructing any other house on the plots left. Thus, the front yard at east has been left as green landscape and back yard at west as fruit garden.
The same area of land is owned by their cousins at opposite side of the pathway. There is an existing building in that area owned by a cousin who is current U/P chairman and a renowned educationalist. So, the family have close involvements with the affairs of local community.
The requirement was to design a 6-bedroom house with kitchen, car park and necessary amenities for the family. At the time of choosing the plot, architects advised the client to place the house at middle plot (instead of back) to leave a space at west for garden, which will guard the house from the afternoon sun. The house has been designed in three functionally effective segments inspired from traditional Sylheti house pattern: A public space (inspired from Bara Ghor /Alga Ghor /Puber Ghor), a common space (inspired from Khanir Kotha) and a private space (Bhitror Kotha).
The Public space has been designed projecting L-shaped verandah (inspired from Dair) towards the existing house at nearby plot and front yard. A casual entrance invites through landscape stairs while a more formal entrance goes through a nave like space in between the seating area and the parking space. A semi-enclosed court has been placed right at the middle between the public space (seating area) and the private space (bedrooms) as a buffer space. This has been designed to give the young members an opportunity to experience and understand the traditional socialization yet maintaining adequate privacy. The common space (dining area) connects the public and private spaces, has been attached to the court visually connecting the front and back yard.
A significant portion of the roof accessible from first floor has been left vacant to accommodate family gatherings and small outdoor programs. While a double height space has been attached to the bedrooms as a regular interactive living area. A pergola placed overhead to scale down the enclosure and give a feeling of not-that-outdoor. Also, this will work as a reference of decorative strings put temporarily during the time of village weddings. Brick and cement has been used as the major construction material to blend with the surroundings. Some portions of the walls have been plastered and painted to protect from moisture and add vibrance. Large glass panels have been used to connect interior spaces with the outdoor greenery.
The immigrants brought up in Bangladesh feel about homeland. Despite many hardships, they tend to visit native home frequently. They want to introduce their homes to later generations brought up abroad. Yet, the younger ones mostly suffer from lack of privacy and proper amenities. The architects’ intention was to provide the required amenities, ensure privacy and give adequate space which will allow to spend time and get connected to their forefather’s home. Because spending time with comfort naturally connects human to the surrounding environment and the people living there. May be, these will create some valuable recollection for their future life, and will push them to visit this place and call it their home.