Architects : Full Scale Studio Lead Architect : Attasit Kongmongkol Design Team : Krittanon Chuachumsang,Surasak Jitaied,Sopida Chitchumnong,Sujinda Tuikheiw Structural Engineer : Pilawan Piliyapokai Photographs : Beer Singnoi Text Description : Burin Tharavichitkun Area : 2,000 m2 Year : 2019 Location : Hangdong,Chiang Mai,Thailand Construction Management : S_Lap Main Contractor : 2KM Construction
Jongluck villa 168 is a house of a compound family which consists of 3 small families; the parents, son’s family, and daughter’s family. The site is located on Canal road, Hangdong district, Chiaing Mai. The site is beautifully surrounded by paddy fields and local village, along with the view of Doi Suthep mountain lying behind the back of site in the Northwest.
The areas of the house are approximately 2,000 square meters with 3 storeys. The ground floor accommodates common area, living area, service area, car parking and swimming pool. The second floor is the private living unit for all family members. The master bedroom of parents is situated on the North side of the house. While the bedroom of the son’s family is in the South which is also the front side of the house, on the East side is space for the daughter’s family. And the bedroom for guest visit is in the West. The third floor is the roof top designed to be roof garden for family relaxing. There are also some areas of service units on the third floor.
The most important concern for the architect and the house owner is how to design a house that could help to create the close and better relationship between all family members which would lead to the happiness of the whole family. The design also really focuses on how to make a good connection with the natural environment both from inside and outside the house through various activities throughout spaces of the building.
The first design process is to separate main programs of the house into 3 main spaces which are indoor, outdoor and semi-outdoor space. The semi-outdoor space is known as the space under the house applied from the traditional Thai house. These 3 main spaces are all equally important and are carefully connected by the central courtyard which is considered as the heart of this house.
When the central area of the house is created, the creation of lively atmosphere in this area is also carefully thought. Architect has idea to generate the architectural elements that help to create dynamic movement which would circulate all spaces. These ideas are resulted in the overlapping layers of spaces developing into a number of loops of spaces. These loops of spaces grow from the central court and expand through the vertical and horizontal axis of the house.
The first layer which is the inner loop is the wooden terrace around the garden in the central court of the house. This wooden terrace is the transition space between inner and outside spaces. This circulation also helps to create better relationship between families’ members and the garden in the central court where the White Meranti tree stands as the heart of the garden with the connection to the pond of Koi fish.
The second loop of space is the concrete stairs embracing the central court. These stairs are designed with the length of all treads of 1 meter. This has led to very low angle of slope of each step causing the feelings of comfortable and relaxing platform while walking on these stairs. The structure of these stairs is hidden and thoroughly attached to the building structure. The stairs create the circulation that slowly leads dwellers from ground level to the second floor and the rooftop. The stairs play a vital role to open greater opportunity for all dwellers to gradually and gently interact with the nature in central garden - courtyard through various experience from crossing the pond of Koi fish, stopping and resting at any landing-like steps, and sensing the White Meranti in the central courtyard from the cantilevered terrace flying off the second floor. Having the White Meranti tree as the centre of the court could cause a good manner for all dwellers as it is believed in traditional Thai culture that White Meranti has the meaning of compromising and that has led to the humble manner.
The third layer of loop is drawn to be the central area of the house where all members could have all activities together both indoor space and semi-indoor space. This semi-outdoor space which is the space under the house does not only provide shading to comfort the opening space, it also acts as a big horizontal void to facilitate natural light and wind to the building and the courtyard. In this layer, most areas are in the building, then most windows, doors and building’s skin adjacent to the courtyard are equipped with the transparent glass in order to widen the view of the central courtyard as much as possible and to create a chance for each member from opposite side of the house to be able to connect to each other through the the central courtyard.
The last loop of space is the outer loop where all bedrooms are located in different position and direction to create more privacy. The position of all bedrooms are also designed to have the view of Doi Suthep mountain and other nice surrounded scenes.
The structure of the house is the reinforced concrete structure with long-span beam to create more opportunity of surrounding panorama view and to create more potentials and possibilities of space design. The terrace structure of cantilever slab system also enhance the sense of lightness of the form, and also create a better chance to bring all dwellers to have a closer experience to the natural environment. Stucco is assigned as the main material covering the building skin to create the closer sense of touch to the nature. The integration of marble, granite and timber with concrete is also introduced to avoid too much rough experience of the whole perception.