Throughout changes and waves of both political reform and regression over the course of several decades, the architects of Iran have always used the built environment to shape and reflect Iranian identity in its major cities. While some architects work to merge traditional elements with modern designs, others try to create completely original works independent of previous influences. These different typologies, paired with a dynamic political climate, have given rise to some of the most interesting contemporary architecture.
Furthermore, the new architecture of Iran is paralleled by advancements in technology and an increasing awareness of such advancements. Due to Iran’s location between the subtropical aridity of the Arabian desert areas and the subtropical humidity of the eastern Mediterranean area, Iran experiences a hot, dry climate. Efforts to design more environmentally sound architecture in consciousness of Iran’s long summers and cool winters have inspired designers to develop new features and systems in contemporary architecture. One example of such features is the incorporation of screen-like structures in the façades of many buildings. Different renditions of screens on building façades create a dynamic architecture with a detailed control of light.
The following seven projects in Iran are examples of different materiality and methods in the construction of screens that are intelligently and seamlessly merged into the façade to forge new and exciting buildings.
Designed for desirable light and privacy, this wooden screen façade makes the building semi-transparent. The beautiful and seamless construction of the screen can be at times interrupted by unexpected openings of windows.
The net of undulating bricks over this building creates a screen façade that gives privacy but still allows the filtration of light. The use of brick was inspired by local materials as well as the surrounding neighborhood fabric. Rotating the bricks allows not only different views of the city but also gives the user a control of how much light they let into the space.
The Asef Office Building employs a system of sun blinds of different sizes in a dynamic way across its façade. These structures not only create shade but also act as railings for the balcony.
The design goal of the Andarzgoo Residential Building was to create a façade that would foster a sense of neutrality in its neighborhood context while elevating the interior spaces. The screen façade is dynamic because it gives users control of the view and light into their homes.
The Haghighi Residential Building has a screen of brick that allows light to filter into the first floor of the building. The aesthetic of this screen is continued seamlessly up the façade to frame the windows of the building.
Another dynamic screen façade, the Saadat Abad Commercial Office Building operates on a system of moving wooden panels that can be adjusted to control visibility, light and views.
The façade of 144 HOUSE APARTMENT is a beautiful juxtaposition of two different materials: wood and stone. The brown and dark gray timber screens not only rotate but can also be retracted.