© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

Malopolska Garden of Arts // Ingarden & Ewy Architects

Krakow, Poland

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Text description provided by the architects.

The building of the Małopolska Garden of Arts (MGA) has been realized according to a competition-winning design by Ingarden & Ewy Architects. The program and the initiative of establishing this new cultural institution in Kraków was proposed in the year 2004, by Krzysztof Orzechowski, Director of the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre and Janusz Sepioł, at the time the Marshal of the Małopolska Voivodeship.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

It is no coincidence that the building was raised in the vicinity of ul. Karmelicka – a street popular with students and locals alike – opposite the building of the public library, with the aim of ensuring its smooth inclusion into the “bloodstream” of the city.
 
The building of MGA introduced new spatial order to the old backyards and ruined buildings in Rajska and Szujskiego streets in Krakow.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

The starting point was a multifunctional hall, which was entered into the outline of the old, 19th-century horse-riding arena, used in the last years of its history as workshops and storage space for the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre in Kraków.
 
The Małopolska Garden of Arts is a cross between two institutions: the Juliusz Słowacki Theatre and the Malopolska Voivodeship Library.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

The wing on Szujskiego Street holds a modern art and media library, with multimedia books and music, while the section standing on ul. Rajska has been developed by the theater, and is equipped with a multifunctional events hall. The new hall – operating, as a studio theater, conference room, concert hall, and venue for banquets and exhibitions – holds retractable stages for 300 people.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

State-of-the-art stage technology is present overhead: fixed on hoists and cranes to the steel ceiling girders. This allows dramas and concerts to be performed, as well as exhibitions, film screenings, symposiums, conferences, art auctions, fashion shows, and many more events to be held. Altogether, the space of about 46,000 square feet houses a theater and cozy cinema with 98 seats, a café, and premises for the organization of educational, art-related activities.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

Honing the form, the architects focused on interaction with the future recipients, which is why the entire spatial form of the symbolic, openwork roofing raised over the garden from the side of Rajska Street – though not functioning as an actual roof – is there to transport the gateway to the stage out onto the street.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

In this way, the building delicately nudges passersby with the skillful manipulation of the form, already at first glance giving the onlooker the impression of going beyond the borders of a garden, where culture is grown in evenly planted rows. Further proof of the sophisticated play with the space is the garden itself.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

Imitating flower beds, the equal bands with low greens are a metaphor of a garden: as much as the architects could afford here.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

A notable fact is that historically “ulica Rajska” – literally “Paradise Street” – led to the Garden of Paradise, which was later replaced by the developments of the Tobacco Works.
 
Architect Krzysztof Ingarden (collaborating with Jacek Ewý), claims that the form of the building is a contextual game between “mimesis and the abstraction.” In practice, this means that the building is by no means a simulacrum of the context, but rather draws inspiration from the code of contextual forms by making references to the geometry of the roofs and tissue of the neighboring structures applied for the abstract geometrical compositions of the façades.The building fits the scale of its environment perfectly by maintaining the lines of the roof and divisions of the façades in line with the composition and linear solutions of the neighboring buildings.
 
The final impact is the result of the designers’ sensitivity to signals coming from the environment.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

For example, the opening in the perforated roof of the garden was formed, especially for the maple tree that grows there. In recognition of its exquisite sense of spatial composition and creative form in historical context, the building was awarded with the Professor Janusz Bogdanowski Prize, for the best architectural achievement in Krakow in the year 2012.
 
In this place, the cultural life of Kraków’s young artistic set will blossom under a shared roof.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

Modern ballet, contemporary theatre forms, audio and video arts, concerts, and all and any other artistic pursuits will find their home
here. Together with the technical furnishing of the stage, the construction project consumed approximately PLN 47 million, and was co-financed from EU funds as a part of the Małopolska Regional Operational Programme 2007–2013. Links:- https://vimeo.com/66860245.

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

© Ingarden & Ewy Architects

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