Wassily Kandinsky's art explored the relationship between color and its viewers. He eschewed the greys, browns, and blacks of Cubism, embracing color as the primary vehicle for expression. In doing so he completely separated painting from a need to depict a subject. The goal of Kandinsky’s art was to capture music in a plastic medium, to evoke the same feelings a piece of music could evoke through shades and hues.
The theories he developed about color and meaning would prove influential in all creative fields, with the De Stijl movement expanding his philosophies and incorporating color into industrial design and architecture. Employing the color wheel, Kandinsky went through each hue, explaining the feelings it evoked, emotions it captured, and the sound it "made."
Color Study: Squares with Concentric Circles by Wassily Kandinsky. Image via Wikipaintings
Going through ROY G BIV, here is a sample of Kandinsky’s thoughts on color from his book "Concerning the Spiritual in Art," and what they meant to him paired with buildings from the Architizer database.
Red: alive, restless, confidently striving towards a goal, glowing, “manly maturity.” Translated into sound: "sound of a trumpet, strong and harsh," Fanfare, Tuba, deep notes on the cello, clear violin.
Orange: a mixture of red and yellow, radiant, healthy, serious. Translated into sound: middle range church bell, an alto voice.
Yellow: "warm, cheeky, and exciting, disturbing for people, typical earthly color... representing madness in color, an attack of rage, blind madness, maniacal rage." Translated into sound: loud sharp trumpets and high fanfares.
Green: stillness and peace, but with a hidden, passive strength. "Green is like a fat, very healthy cow lying still and unmoving, only capable of chewing the cud, regarding the world with stupid dull eyes." Translated into sound: quiet drawn out middle position violin.
Blue: deep, inner, supernatural, peaceful. "Sinking towards black, it has the overtone of a mourning that is not human... typical heavenly color." Translated into sound: the flute, cello, and organ.
Unfortunately Kandinsky didn't distinguish between blue and indigo. Apparently they were the same to him.
Violet: a mixture of red and blue, "morbid, extinguished...sad." Translated into sound: the english horn and bassoon.